This is typically in the form of an arbitration or mediation clause which states all disputes arising under the shareholders agreement will be subject to arbitration, or will be submitted to a certain court. It also addresses the circumstances in which an arbitration decision will be final and binding or when an appeal will lie to the courts. These provisions vary in comprehensiveness. A comprehensive dispute resolution provision will have timelines for ensuring the disputes are dealt with in a timely manner, a mechanism for determining the make-up of the dispute resolution body (i.e. number of mediators or arbitrators, who can nominate, number of independent mediators), and possibly a limitation period for claims under the shareholders agreement.